If the COVID-19 pandemic has proven anything, it’s that we can’t adequately combat the literacy crisis in America without addressing digital literacy.
Literacy is defined by the West Virginia State Board of Education as "the ability to read, write, and speak in English, and compute and solve problems at levels of proficiency necessary to function on the job and in society, achieve one's goals, and develop one's knowledge and potential." UNESCO goes a step further by positing that, “...literacy is now understood as a means of identification, understanding, interpretation, creation, and communication in an increasingly digital, text-mediated, information-rich and fast-changing world.”
When Delaware schools had to hastily shift to online learning, educational inequities were exposed which could not be ignored. Research demonstrated that online learning caused students of color, English language learners, and special needs students to fall between the cracks disproportionately, and even further behind in our schools. Many of these students had limited access to technology. Many parents of these students did not possess adequate digital literacy skills themselves, let alone the basic literacy skills needed to help their struggling children.
As Literacy Delaware also pivoted to remote instruction for our adult learners last spring, we encountered similar disparities in access to technology. One-in-five homes throughout our state do not have internet access at home. Many of our learners and tutors faced challenges to continuing instruction. As one of our adult learners told his tutor, “I finally have a tutor, but now I have to stop (instruction) because I don’t have or know how to use a computer or smart phone.”
It’s not just a lack of access to technology. Research by the Program for International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIACC) found that 16% of adults in the U.S. are not digitally literate. This means 32 million of our neighbors do not have the competence or comfort using a computer to seek important information, find a recipe or make an online purchase, nor to assist their children with online learning.
As education moves online, traditional literacy and digital literacy merge as a conjoined problem urgently needing a solution. If you can’t read above a middle school level or do simple math, you’re lost on the internet. If a child can’t learn effectively online, he or she will fall even further behind their peers in math and reading skills.
Every Delawarean should have equitable access to technology and broadband in their home. Policymakers, educators, and community and local business leaders can help pursue this objective by investing in improving basic literacy/digital literacy for children AND their parents. We need a cultural shift, promoted by smart policies, to get everyone – educators, parents, businesses, broadband providers, and community groups – on board with recognizing and addressing the literacy crisis which includes the digital literacy gap we face. Organizations like Literacy Delaware play a key role in promoting digital literacy skills to adults in need throughout the state and need adequate funding to provide these much needed services.
Nelson Mandela once said, “Education is the greatest weapon we have to change the world.” At our nation’s founding, Delaware was the first state to ratify the Constitution. Delaware can also become the First State to achieve the 21st Century goals of universal digital literacy and broadband adoption in the fight against low literacy, using the power of education to open minds and change lives.
Cynthia E. Shermeyer is the Executive Director of Literacy Delaware, celebrating 38 years of empowering adults through literacy.